Industrial Psychiatry Journal

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 191--196

A camp approach of community psychiatry in India: Past, present, and the future


K Rakesh Chander1, Sydney Moirangthem1, Rahul Patley1, Sharad Philip1, Prateek Varshney1, Vinay Basavaraju1, Rajani Parthasarathy2, P V Mohan Krishna3, Narayana Manjunatha1, Naveen Kumar Channaveerachari1, Suresh Bada Math1 
1 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Mental Health, Government of Karnataka, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Naveen Kumar Channaveerachari
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
India

Camps are a popular approach to deliver medical care in India. While it is usually a one-off event for physical ailments, it is a long-term affair in Psychiatry. One of the first camps in psychiatry was rolled out as early as in 1967 at Mandar, Ranchi, followed by Raipur Rani (Haryana) in 1976 and at Gunjur, Karnataka in 1977. This camp approach became extremely popular and got expanded across India as they were thought to be synonymous with community-based outreach for mental illnesses. In the past 5 years, however, newer models of community care have emerged, necessitating a relook at this traditional approach. In this paper, the authors trace the origin, utility and future directions of these camps, taking data from community psychiatry camps conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, a premier neuropsychiatric tertiary care institute in India. Data have been collated from the annual reports of the Institute, database from the District Mental health Program, Government of Karnataka, India, and compared with published literature on the same field. While camps remain as one of the important avenues to reach the unreached, there is a need to change the approach of their functioning by incorporating training (primary care providers) aspects and collaborative care. The latter may make the initiative more meaningful and sustainable.


How to cite this article:
Chander K R, Moirangthem S, Patley R, Philip S, Varshney P, Basavaraju V, Parthasarathy R, Krishna P V, Manjunatha N, Channaveerachari NK, Math SB. A camp approach of community psychiatry in India: Past, present, and the future.Ind Psychiatry J 2022;31:191-196


How to cite this URL:
Chander K R, Moirangthem S, Patley R, Philip S, Varshney P, Basavaraju V, Parthasarathy R, Krishna P V, Manjunatha N, Channaveerachari NK, Math SB. A camp approach of community psychiatry in India: Past, present, and the future. Ind Psychiatry J [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Jan 27 ];31:191-196
Available from: https://www.industrialpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0972-6748;year=2022;volume=31;issue=2;spage=191;epage=196;aulast=Chander;type=0