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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 306-312

Psychiatric morbidity in family members of alcohol dependence patients


1 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, DR.B.R.Ambedkar State Institute of Medical Sciences, Mohali, Punjab, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Biochemistry, DMCH, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ekram Goyal
Department of Psychiatry, DR.B.R.Ambedkar state Institute of Medical Sciences, Mohali, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_179_20

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Background: There is a paucity of Indian studies assessing psychiatric morbidity among family members of subjects with alcohol use disorder. Aim: To study psychiatric morbidity in wives/life partners and children of alcohol-dependent patients. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive index patients diagnosed to be alcohol dependent according to the International Classification of Diseases-10 classification of mental and behavioral disorders diagnostic criterion for research reporting to psychiatry department were taken. The study was conducted on family members of alcohol-dependent patients who were enrolled in the study as subjects. These included both their children and spouses and they were evaluated for any psychopathology using M. I. N. I. AND M. I. N. I.-KID scales. Results: Out of 50 spouses and 67 children enrolled in the study group. Sixty-eight percent had psychiatric morbidity in spouses which include 34% had major depressive episodes. Spouses living in the nuclear family and illiterate had more psychiatric morbidity. Total psychiatric morbidity in children above 18 years was 56.25%, maximum being in alcohol and substance dependence. Total psychiatric morbidity in children between 6 years and 18 years was 31.37%, maximum being in generalized anxiety disorder (11.76%). Conclusion: Spouses of subjects with alcohol dependence have a high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity. Spouses living in the nuclear family had a more major depressive episode and generalized anxiety disorder. Psychiatric morbidity was more in illiterate spouses. Psychiatric morbidity was also high in children. Female children between 6 years and 18 years had more generalized anxiety disorder than males.


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