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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 81-88

Comorbidities of male patients with sexual dysfunction in a psychiatry clinic: A study on industrial employees

1 Department of Psychiatry, ESIC Model Hospital, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, ESIC Model Hospital, Gurugram, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jnanamay Das
Department of Psychiatry, ESIC Model Hospital, Sector-24, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_116_20

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Background: Previous studies assessed the association of sexual dysfunction (SD) in cases of specific organic and psychiatric disorders separately as risk factors of SD, but the extent of association of various disorders in cases of SD was rarely evaluated. This study was conducted to assess almost all types of comorbidities to find out their effects on SD in male patients and to make complete diagnoses. Materials and Methods: All male patients aged between 18 and 60 years reporting with sexual problems to the psychiatry outpatient department were evaluated with Arizona sexual experiences scale (ASEX) for males. Their assessment included detailed medical and psychiatric history including medicine intake, physical and mental status examination. Relevant biochemical investigations were done including sex hormone assessment. Results: Among 104 males diagnosed as cases of SD according to the ASEX scale in 1 year period only 75 patients completed all the biochemical and hormonal assessments. It was observed that 38.67% were diagnosed as SD without any comorbidity, 25.33% had biochemical or hormonal or physical comorbidities, 21.33% had psychiatric comorbidities and 14.67% had psychiatric as well as biochemical or hormonal or physical comorbidities (n = 75). The severity of SD was higher in the patients with comorbidity and the age of the patients predicted its severity. Conclusion: All cases of SD should be assessed in detail for physical, biochemical, hormonal, and psychiatric comorbidities to treat them holistically. Psychiatrists should play a key role in assessing, diagnosing, treating, and referring them to the appropriate treatment provider.

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