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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 74-80

Prevalence and characteristics of eating disorders among college students of a nonmetro city of Gujarat


1 Department of Psychiatry, GMERS Medical College Dharpur, Gujarat, Patan, India
2 Consultant Psychiatrist, Sai Shraddha Hospital, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, M P Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chintan Madhusudan Raval
52/53 Kalanagar Society, Near Railway Second Garnala, Patan - 384 265, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_28_20

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Context: There is a relative paucity of prevalence data about eating disorders (EDs) in India among young population. Aims: We aimed to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of EDs and abnormal eating behaviors among college students of a nonmetro city of Gujarat. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional survey was done among five colleges of a nonmetro city in Gujarat from February to September 2019. Subjects and Methods: Total 790 college students were assessed using a semi-structured format, Eating Attitudes Test-26, and Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh followed by structured clinical interview as per DSM-5 criteria for EDs. Statistical Analysis: Outcomes were expressed in frequency, proportion, mean, and standard deviation. P values were calculated by Pearson Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test to determine the significance of the result. Results: The prevalence of abnormal eating behaviors was 25.2% (n = 199). Anorexia nervosa (AN) was not detected. The prevalence of bulimia nervosa (BN) was 0.2% and other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED) was 0.6%. “Being aware of calorie content” (53.7%) and “preoccupation with desire of thinness” (46.3%) were commonly found. “Impulse to vomit after meals” (2.5%) was least common. Lower body mass index was found among subjects with abnormal eating behavior. None of the subjects had amenorrhea. Conclusions: The prevalence of disordered eating behaviors, BN, and OSFED was 25.2%, 0.2%, and 0.6%, respectively. AN was not detected. OSFED was the most common ED and the characteristic “body image disturbance” was the most common symptom.


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