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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56-60

Psychiatric morbidity among human immunodeficiency virus test seekers attending the integrated counseling and testing center facility of a tertiary care hospital in South India


1 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pudhucherry, India
2 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, College of Nursing, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pudhucherry, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pudhucherry, India
4 Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pudhucherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Padmavathi Nagarajan
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, College of Nursing, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pudhucherry
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_43_21

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Background: Testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a mandatory and routine regimen for various reasons. Literature suggests that the level of psychiatric morbidity is high among HIV-infected individuals. However, often psychiatric problems are undetected and untreated among these people and this is possible by the simple measure of screening when these people contact a health-care facility such as an integrated counseling and testing center (ICTC). The paucity of published data in this arena necessitates exploring the facts related to this issue. Hence, this study was aimed to identify the psychiatric morbidity among people undergoing HIV testing by a screening method. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out among 384 individuals, those who were undergoing HIV testing at an ICTC facility of a tertiary care hospital in South India. They were assessed for psychiatric morbidity by a structured clinical diagnostic interview using mini international neuropsychiatric interview. Those people who were identified as having psychiatric problem were referred to psychiatric clinic for further management. Results: The mean age of the patients was 40 (±13.27) years and the males (n = 254, 66.1%) predominated than the females (n = 130, 33.9%). Psychiatric illness was identified in many patients (n = 91, 24%) including major depressive disorder (n = 64, 16.7%), suicidal ideas (n = 31, 8%), panic disorder (n = 26, 6.8%), and substance abuse (n = 15, 3.9%). Conclusion: The findings imply the need to integrate screening and referral services for the people undergoing HIV testing. Early screening of psychiatric morbidity among individuals utilizing the ICTC facility may help identify and treat the illness at an early stage.


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