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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-30

Effect of sertraline and fluvoxamine on quality of life in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder: A 12-week interventional study

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nidhi Chauhan
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_133_21

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Background: Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with poor quality of life (QoL) and functionality. Treatment leads to improvement in QoL and better functioning. Aim: To assess the effect of treatment with SSRIs on QoL and disability in first-episode, drug-naïve patients with OCD. Materials and Methods: Fifty first-episode, drug-naïve patients with a diagnosis of OCD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 were assessed for severity of illness (Y-BOCS), World Health Organization QoL (WHO-QoL Bref), and disability (WHODAS 2.0) at baseline and at 12 weeks after receiving treatment with either sertraline or fluvoxamine. Results: The scores for QoL were low and for disability were high at baseline, and the scores for WHO-QoL-Bref and WHODAS 2.0 improved significantly after 12 weeks of treatment compared to baseline. This improvement correlated with reduction in the illness severity scores on Yale-Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale. The responders to treatment had better QoL and lower disability compared to nonresponders. Conclusion: There is an impairment in QoL and disability in first-episode, drug-naïve patients with OCD, and QoL improves and disability decreases with adequate treatment with SSRIs, and this improvement correlates with improvement in the illness severity.

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