Home | About IPJ | Editorial board | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Contact us |   Login 
Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Search Articles   
Advanced search   

Year : 2010  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 67-68  Table of Contents     

Cognitive behavioral therapy in social phobia: Indian context

Final year M.B.B.S. student, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India

Date of Web Publication16-Mar-2011

Correspondence Address:
Samput Mallick
78A Rishi Bankim Sarani, Serampore, Hooghly - 712 201
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.77647

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Mallick S. Cognitive behavioral therapy in social phobia: Indian context. Ind Psychiatry J 2010;19:67-8

How to cite this URL:
Mallick S. Cognitive behavioral therapy in social phobia: Indian context. Ind Psychiatry J [serial online] 2010 [cited 2022 Aug 12];19:67-8. Available from: https://www.industrialpsychiatry.org/text.asp?2010/19/1/67/77647


According to Priyamvada et al., lifetime prevalence of social phobia (SP) is at least 5%. [1] Recent international experiences are as follows: lifetime prevalence among Nigerian university students was 9.4; [2] one-month prevalence among 914 Swedish elderly individuals was 1.9%; [3] lifetime prevalence among 1,041 residents in Brazil, based on DSM III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised), was 7.9 - higher than the 4.7 based on International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10); [4] lifetime prevalence using DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV) diagnostic criteria in 25,180 Iranian adults was 0.82%; [5] in France among 12,873 subjects, the prevalence varied between 1.9% and 7.3%, depending on type of diagnostic algorithms used and stringency of criteria applied; [6] among 850 soldiers in Israel, the prevalence was 4.5% using Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale; [7] and point prevalence among 523 Swedish university students was 16.1%. [8] Typically onset of SP occurs in childhood or adolescence. Twelve-month prevalence of SP among 784 adolescents in Finland was 3.2%; [9] and point prevalence among 2,128 Swedish adolescents was 4.4%. [10]

Indian epidemiological data are inadequate to describe prevalence, impairments, comorbidity and other correlates of SP, based on DSM-IV algorithms. [11] Whatever may be the ratio of prevalence, the total number of persons suffering from SP in hugely populated India must be very large; however, only few people with SP seek professional help for its treatment. If left untreated, SP is usually chronic, unremitting, associated with significant functional impairment and high risk of other comorbid psychiatric disorders - all being detrimental to socioeconomic development. India needs a suitable strategy to treat the maximum number of SP patients in a short time. Recently, due to ease in treatment accessibility and reasonable costs of treatment, interest in self-help programs (e.g., bibliotherapy, tele-health) for common psychological disorders is growing. [12] Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral self-help programs in the form of either pure bibliotherapy; and/or clinician-assisted computerized cognitive behavioral treatments with online group discussions have shown efficacy in SP. [13] With the expansion of internet user base in India, such therapy can be used to generate promising curative effects on social phobia. [14]Full Text in PDF Version

   References Top

1.Priyamvada R, Kumari S, Prakash J, Chaudhury S. Cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of social phobia. Ind Psychiatry J 2009;18:60-3.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.Bella TT, Omigbodun OO. Social phobia in Nigerian university students: prevalence, correlates and co-morbidity. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2009;44:458-63.  Back to cited text no. 2
3.Karlsson B, Klenfeldt IF, Sigström R, Waern M, Ostling S, Gustafson D, Skoog I. Prevalence of social phobia in nondemented elderly from a swedish population study. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2009;17:127-35.  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Rocha FL, Vorcaro CM, Uchoa E, Lima-Costa MF. Comparing the prevalence rates of social phobia in a community according to ICD-10 and DSM-III-R. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 2005;27:222-4.  Back to cited text no. 4
5.Mohammadi MR, Ghanizadeh A, Mohammadi M, Mesgarpour B. Prevalence of social phobia and its comorbidity with psychiatric disorders in Iran. Depress Anxiety 2006;23:405-11.  Back to cited text no. 5
6.Pélissolo A, André C, Moutard-Martin F, Wittchen HU, Lépine JP. Social phobia in the community: relationship between diagnostic threshold and prevalence. Eur Psychiatry 2000;15:25-8.  Back to cited text no. 6
7.Iancu I, Levin J, Hermesh H, Dannon P, Poreh A, Ben-Yehuda Y, Kaplan Z, Marom S, Kotler M. Social phobia symptoms: prevalence, sociodemographic correlates, and overlap with specific phobia symptoms. Compr Psychiatry. 2006;47(5):399-405.  Back to cited text no. 7
8.Tillfors M, Furmark T. Social phobia in Swedish university students: prevalence, subgroups and avoidant behavior. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2007;42:79-86.  Back to cited text no. 8
9.Ranta K, Kaltiala-Heino R, Rantanen P, Marttunen M. Social phobia in Finnish general adolescent population: prevalence, comorbidity, individual and family correlates, and service use. Depress Anxiety 2009;26:528-36.  Back to cited text no. 9
10.Gren-Landell M, Tillfors M, Furmark T, Bohlin G, Andersson G, Svedin CG. Social phobia in Swedish adolescents: prevalence and gender differences. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2009;44:1-7.  Back to cited text no. 10
11.Math SB, Chandrashekar CR, Bhugra D. Psychiatric epidemiology in India. Indian J Med Res 2007;126:183-92.  Back to cited text no. 11
12.Abramowitz JS, Moore EL, Braddock AE, Harrington DL. Self-help cognitive-behavioral therapy with minimal therapist contact for social phobia: A controlled trial. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2009;40:98-105.  Back to cited text no. 12
13.Furmark T, Carlbring P, Hedman E, Sonnenstein A, Clevberger P, Bohman B, et al. Guided and unguided self-help for social anxiety disorder: Randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2009;195:440-7.  Back to cited text no. 13
14.Carlbring P, Nordgren LB, Furmark T, Andersson G. Longterm outcome of Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy for social phobia: A 30-month follow-up. Behav Res Ther 2009;47:848-50.  Back to cited text no. 14

This article has been cited by
1 Computerized cognitive behavior therapies in psychiatry: A viable option in India?
Paakhi Srivastava,Manju Mehta
Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded117    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal