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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-54

Differences in levels of disability and quality of life between genders in schizophrenia remission

1 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Rajendra Institute of Medical Science, Ranchi (JKD), India
2 Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi (JKD), India
3 Department of Psychiatric Social work, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry, Ranchi-834006 (JKD), India

Correspondence Address:
Rajeev Kumar
Room No. 43, Men's Hostel -2, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi -834 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.77638

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Background: QOL (Quality of life) and Disability have been considered inevitable components of schizophrenia from the Biopsychosocial point of view. Studies from over the world have reported significantly lower levels of QOL and higher levels of disability in schizophrenia; but there are equivocal results revealing differences in levels of disability and QOL between genders in schizophrenia. Aim: To find out the difference in the levels of QOL and disability in both the genders in schizophrenia remission. Materials and Methods: This is cross-sectional study. Sixty patients who gave consent for their participation in the study and satisfying the criterion of remission of schizophrenia, in the age group of 18-60 years, were selected. A purposive sampling technique was used. There were 34 males and 26 females in the study sample. WHO-QOL-BREF ( World Health Organization, Quality of life BREF) and WHO-DAS (World Health Organization-Disability Assessment Schedule) were administered. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the levels of QOL and disability between the genders. Higher scores of WHO-QOL-BREF were seen in the male group, and higher scores of WHO-DAS were seen in the female group. Conclusion: Male group had better QOL, and the female group had higher disability.

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